Types of kufr

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  1. اسرار حسین الوھابی

    اسرار حسین الوھابی رکن اردو مجلس

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    ▪Types of kufr▪

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم

    1. Kufr ul-'Inād: Disbelief out of stubborness. This applies to someone who knows the truth and admits to knowing the truth and admits to knowing it with his tongue, but refuses to accept it and refrains from making a declaration. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever."
    [Surah Qaf (50), āya 24]

    2. Kufr ul-Inkār:
    Disbelief out of denial. This applies to someone who denies with both heart and tongue. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "They recognize the favors of Allāh, yet they deny them. Most of them are disbelievers."
    [Surah Nahl (16), āya 83]


    3. Kufr ul-Kibr:
    Disbelief out of arrogance and pride. The disbelief by the devils (e.g. Iblīs) is an example of this type of kufr.

    4. Kufr ul-Juhūd:
    Disbelief out of rejection. This applies to someone who acknowledges the truth in his heart, but rejects it with his tongue. This types of kufr is applicable to those who calls themselves Muslims but who reject any necessary and accepted norms of Islām such as salat and zakāt. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "They denied them (i.e. the signs) even though their hearts believed in them, out of spite and arrogance."
    [Surah Naml (27), āya 14]


    5. Kufr ul-Nifāq: Disbelief out of hypocrisy. This applies to someone who pretends to be a believer but conceals his disbelief. Such a person is called a munāfiq or hypocrite. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell. You will find no one to help them."

    [Surah An-Nisā (4), āya 145]


    6. Kufr ul-Istihlāl: Disbelief out of trying to make harām into halāl. This applies to someone who accepts as lawful (halāl) that which Allāh has made unlawful (harām) like alcohol or adultery. Only Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, has the prerogative to make things halāl and harām and those who seek to interfere with His right are like rivals to Him and therefore fall outside the boundries of faith.

    7. Kufr ul-Kurh: Disbelief out of detesting any of Allāh's Commands. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Perdition (destruction) has been consigned to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void. This is because they are averse to that which Allāh has revealed so He has made their actions fruitless."
    [Surah Muhammad (47), āyāt 8-9]


    8. Kufr ul-Istihzā: Disbelief due to mockery and derision. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Say: Was it at Allāh, His signs and His apostles that you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed."
    [Surah Taubah (9), āyāt 65-66]


    9. Kufr ul-I'rādh: Disbelief due to avoidance. This applies to those who turn away and avoid the truth. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord's Signs but then turns away from them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgment)."
    [Surah Kahf (18), āya 57]


    10. Kufr ul-Istibdāl: Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allāh's Laws. This could take the form of (a) rejection of Allāh's Law (shari'ah) without denying it, (b) denial of Allāh's law and therefore rejecting it, or (c) substituting Allāh's laws with man-made laws. Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Or have they partners with Allāh who have instituted for them a religion which Allāh has not allowed."
    [Surah Shura (42), āya 8]


    Allāh subhanahu wa ta'ala, says:

    "Say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely (that) is lawful and this is forbidden so as to invent a lie against Allāh. Verily, those who invent a lie against Allāh will never prosper."
    [Surah Nahl (16), āya 116]


    [Ibn Kathīr: Beliefs & Methodology]
     
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